Bahawalnagar is a district located in province of Punjab with a population of approximately 126,700 inhabitants. It is situated at 30.55° North latitude, 73.39° East longitude and 159 meters elevation above the sea level. The district of Bahawalnagar is spread over an area of 8,878 square kilometers comprising five tehsils and 118 Union Councils. The boundaries of Bahawalnagar in the east and south touches the Indian Territory while Bahawalpur district lies in the west and river Sutlej flows from its western side.
Bahawalnagar is an historical city of Punjab Pakistan. In Bahawalnagar district there are many places of Worth Seeing. Historical Forts in Tehsil Fort Abbas , Wild Life Park , Sutlej Park in the city , Haider Stadium , National Park in Dodhla Jungle in Fort Abbas Area , Border Area , Adam Sugar Mill Chishtian , River Sutlej Near Bahawalnagar City , Sadqia Canal.
It has a very hot and dry climate; maximum temperature reaches upto 52 Centigrade. The average annual rainfall in the district is 119 mm. Bahawalnagar once a fertile land irrigated with Ganga and Sutlej rivers is the custodian of a centuries old civilization of the Hakrian complex which is even older than that of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa but now river Sutlej got dried due to anthropogenic activities.
The main crops of Bahawalnagar are sugarcane, cotton, wheat, rice, tobacco, and mustard seed. Guavas, Mango and Date are main fruits of area while major vegetables cultivated there are Cauliflower, Onion, Turnip, Carrot, Potato and Tomato. There are 24,195 acres of forest located in this district.
Main source of water for inhabitants of this district is groundwater although in some areas untreated canal water is also used for drinking. The river Sutlej lies nearby but it is not use as a source of water due to continuous depletion of this river and from last few years major area of river went dry and are being used as a play-ground or for cultivation of crops.
Canal named Fordwah is also passing near Bahawalnagar city but the water is too much contaminated that it cannot be used for domestic purposes. Poor people living at kachi abadi within Bahawalnagar city depends upon this canal for fulfilling their water requirements. Some of the inhabitants stored canal water in the ponds and used the same water for bathing themselves and for their animals.
Bahawalnagar was underdeveloped area but from last few years government is taking step to provide better living conditions to the general public. In 2009, water filtration plants were installed by government of Punjab to facilitate the residents of the city. Around 6 filtration plants have been installed with a purpose of ensuring good quality water. Inhabitants suggested that if the timing for filtration plants could increase it would be better and more beneficial for the residents.
The ground water that is supplied through pipelines is not clean sometimes due to detoriated pipelines. The underground water is hard water. Hard water is used for washing and bathing purposes. This hard water destroys the skin and hairs as it is used for bathing purposes. For checking the water quality and reducing its hardness another step of water testing lab has been initiated by Government of Punjab. It was also a good step towards prosperous life and to give a better health to the inhabitants. This lab was also established in 2009. This lab is equipped with all facilities for physical, chemical and microbial test of samples. This lab generates report and suggests steps for improving quality and hand it over to the TMA (tehsil municipal administration) for taking implementation.
Drainage system is very poor in Bahawalnagar, Run off after precipitation gathered around houses in streets. Pedestrians are unable to cross the roads; obstacles are faced by automobiles for their movements. Proper drainage system should be provided in order to get rid of foul odor and other health impacts caused by this problem.
The concept of green housing society is implementing in this small city. The project has start working hopefully it would be a better option for wealthy inhabitants but what would to be done for poor’s…….
But still there arises a question although lab is there, filtration plants are present but still why people are forced to use HARD WATER. Is it negligence on part of government or on part of local community?
On 28 July 2010, the UN General Assembly declared: “Safe and drinking water and sanitation is a HUMAN RIGHT, essential for the full enjoyment of life and all other human rights.” Although this right was declared in 2010 but till now even in 2014, people are deprived of clean water, even in some areas of Pakistan residents are forced to drink infected water. What we have to do is to find a reason behind it!!!!!!!!!