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Miscellaneous Water Documents

Documents: 

This section contains useful information and is worth browsing or even printing for future reference. All the documents listed below are in PDF and you must need Adobe Acrobat to view it.

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http://download.com.com/3000-2378-8338119.html?legacy=cnet

These documents are either selected by one of the experts or directly contributed by the authors themselves. In most cases, they have not been peer-reviewed, and as such, the reliability and accuracy of information and data that they present can not be guaranteed.

Presentation on Artificial Recharge and IWRM at Community Level - The Balozai Project in Balochistan
Dr. Abdul Majeed, Head (a.i) IUCN Balochistan Programme and Head, IUCN Pakistan Water Programme participated in "National Dialogue on IWRM as a Tool for Poverty Alleviation" (Islamabad, June 2, 2007). In this national dialogue he presented the Artificial Recharge and IWRM project at Balozai, Balochistan.
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Himalayan Region Water and Nature Initiative (Workshop Report)
This is the report of the mid-term workshop for Himal WaNI organized by IUCN and hosted by Winrock India. The objectives of the workshop were:
1. To allow all partners to present their on-going work for Himal WaNI;
2. To enable partners to discuss with their colleagues from other countries how they are addressing specific technical issues such as e.g. the FLOW roadmap, the best practices work on integrated watershed management, and trans-boundary watercourse management;
3. To support existing and emerging collaboration and negotiation mechanisms to promote an ecosystem approach to water management.

The workshop was held on 10 April 2007 at the premises of Winrock India in New Delhi.
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Water Requirements of Major of Different Agro-ecological Zones of Balochistan
Water resources of Balochistan, an arid province of Pakistan, are extremely scarce and limited. It is highly imperative that these resources be used most judiciously to ensure sustainable agriculture development and productivity. This, in turn requires knowledge of crop water requirements (CWR) in various agro-climatic zones of the province. Lack of this information often results in farmers over or under irrigating their fields with consequent loss in yields and production. Various agencies in the country have determined CWR values for the Indus Basin; however, for Balochistan the water requirements of various popular crops have not been estimated.
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Artificial Recharge with IWRM Approach (Flyer)
Integrated water resources management IWRM is a systematic process for sustainable development, allocation and monitoring of water resources use in the context of environmental objectives. This flyer contains the novel concept of artificial recharge using IWRM approach to bring equilibrium between abstraction and recharge in ground water resources. This flyer also contains the project goal, objectives, components, achievements and the future steps of the project.
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Water Management Practices in Balochistan
Balochistan is a water scarce province of Pakistan and is known as the 'fruit basket' of Pakistan because of production high quality fruit, which is the major source of income especially in the uplands of the province. Agriculture and livestock rearing have been the main source of income for majority of the population. The status is in peril because of dearth of water in this document the water management practices adopted by the farmers in different areas have been highlighted.
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Water Programme
Water is the single most important input in agriculture on which Pakistan’s agrarian based economy depends. The document comprises of Goal, objectives, components and methodology of IUCN Pakistan Water Programme.
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Efficient Irrigation Systems
Irrigation practices followed in Balochistan Province are primitive and highly inefficient. Modern Irrigation technologies for field crops and orchards can help increase water use efficiencies to 90%.The document comprises description of high efficiency Irrigation systems, advantages and system costs etc.
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Water Shortage in Pakistan
State Bank of Pakistan Annual Report for 2003-04 (Special Section – 2)
By Iffat Mustafa
Per capita water availability is declining in Pakistan over the time due to the combined impact of rising population, falling water flows and erosion in the storage capacity. The per capita water availability has declined low from 2002.6 cubic meters in 1950-51 to 1136.5 cubic meters in 2003-04 (see Figure 2.1.1).
Full Report

Pakistan: Winter rains alleviate drought conditions:- ISLAMABAD, 4 Apr 2005 (IRIN) - Higher than average winter rainfall has pulled Pakistan out of drought conditions which had plagued the country for seven years. The drought caused a water shortage of up to 50 percent last year, according to the country's leading water authority. "The water supply is satisfactory now. We have enough water for summer cultivation.
Full Report

Water as a Human Right:- This paper provides an excellent platform for critical thinking and informed debate about water as human right. The publication raise critical questions and their answers about water rights, benefits and content of rights, what mechanism would be required for its effective implementation etc. In addition it also provides the material and analysis necessary to address them seriously.
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Water Crisis; A Special Report
The immediate water shortage crisis in Pakistan is severe, and experts maintain that the long-term forecast is even bleaker. Meteorologists, who blame the prolonged drought on the La Nina weather phenomenon, warn that the country has entered a dry cycle and can expect drought-like conditions to return every six years. Experts predict that with prevailing consumption rates and a population growth of 4 million people a year, one out of three people in Pakistan will face critical shortages of water, "threatening their very survival".
Full Paper

Synthesis Report of IUCN Activities in Water
By Dr. Abdul Majeed
Download it (Till April 2003)

Natural and Artificial Recharge Techniques for Balochistan:- In Balochistan, because of extreme aridity and dearth of perennial sources of surface water, groundwater has been considered the only dependable source of water to meet the growing needs. This document describes various techniques to boost natural recharge along with discussions on the applicability of each technique in the Balochistan environment and physical conditions.
By Dr. Abdul Majeed
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Balochistan – Water Sector Issues and Options:- Water has a critical role in the province’s economy, as it has a direct bearing on all sectors of economy. The problems of water sector in the province arise more from poor governance and lack of interest and commitment by the Public and Private sectors in solving the problems of water than from natural causes.
By Dr. Abdul Majeed
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Issues in Water Sector:- As in other arid regions of the world, Pakistan faces numerous problems in water sector. The following report provide possible remedies that IUCN can advocate in solving these problems. This report provides a listing of problems like scarcity, waterlogging, salinity, inequitable distribution etc.
By Dr. Abdul Majeed
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"Property Rights and Natural Resources - Socio-Economic Heterogeneity and Distributional Implications of Common Property Resource Management" by Bhim Adhikari
Download: Abstract (47 kb) | Full Paper (8755 kb)

National Water Policy (Draft)
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THE Status of Drinking Water in N.W.F.P
IRDP - MARDAN
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Pakistan Water Knowledge Network:- The paper explore how knowledge management activities are relevant to water management and how they complement hydro-informatics; it will also provide a synthesis on the practices and lessons learnt during the initial phase of development of the Pakistan Water Gateway. Mr. Asad Uz Zaman wrote this document and presented it in Water Information Summit.
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Papers WIS:- Accessible now - 43 papers submitted at the Sixth Water Information Summit at IRC in September 2003.
http://www.irc.nl/content/view/full/6316

An Overview of the History and Impacts of the Water Issue in Pakistan:- Altaf A. Memon, Ph.D, wrote this document to present it at the International Conference on “Sindh, the Water Issue and the Future of Pakistan”
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Water for the 21st Century:- This monograph is one of the 29 sectoral and programme papers produced to support the preparation of the Pakistan National Conservation Strategy(NCS). The objective of the NCS is to identify strategic initiatives to conserve the country's natural resources, which are the base for lasting improvements in the quality of life. This sector papers were commissioned from mid-1988 to mid-1990 and printed in 1992 and 1993.
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Policy Document on Drought Preparedness & Crisis Management:- The document was purposed to understand framework on drought preparedness and mitigation along with crisis management in the area wise largest Province of Pakistan. The document describes a practical step-by- step process for identifying actions that can be taken to reduce potential drought related impacts before a drought occurs. (Source: Environment Foundation Balochistan)
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Pakistan Water Indicators:- A compiled document of basic water sector information focusing on water resources, its use, and its relation with poverty etc.
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Water Quality Survey of Rawalpindi and Islamabad:- Bacteriological contamination and upward trend in Nitrate contents, observed in drinking water of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.TheNetwork for consumer protection in Pakistan conducted a drinking water quality survey in July 2001 in the city of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
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PAKISTAN WATER SECTOR STRATEGY:- The Government of Pakistan, with the support of the Asian Development Bank, instituted the Water Resources Strategy Study. It was undertaken by the Ministry of Water and Power, Office of the Chief Engineering Advisor/Chairman Federal Flood Commission. The Study began in July 2001 with the main objective of preparing a road map for future development of the water sector toward more efficient service delivery and optimum utilisation of resources to meet the competing demands of all water users in the future.
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Global Water Outlook to 2025 - Averting an Impending Crisis:- Based on a global model of supply and demand for food and water, this report shows that if current water policies continue, farmers will indeed find it difficult to meet the world’s food needs.
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Water for Life:- SCOPE has developed a "Water for Life Programme", which sole purpose is to support livelihood of dry-land communities by collecting and storing rainwater and make it available for humans and the livestock for drinking purposes. The phase I was extremely successful in which we developed one delay action dam at Gadap and a reservoir at Moedan.
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Pilot Water Quality Monitoring Program:- Sindh Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) conceives a study to monitor the quality of water through out the province. A pilot project was assigned by Ministry of Forest Wildlife & Environment to Sindh Environmental Protection Agency, Karachi to undertake a study "Pilot Water Quality Monitoring Program" under the auspices of National - Drainage Programs Sindh. The time frame for the completion of this project is four months.
Further Details